1809: Brilliant Work, Moms!
Abraham Lincoln, born February 12, 1809
Charles Darwin, born February 12, 1809
Felix Mendelssohn, born February 3, 1809
Edgar Allan Poe, born January 19, 1809
We are currently studying:
Louis Braille, born January 4, 1809
My son and I decided to learn about Louis Braille (1809 – 1852) and we struck gold with the extraordinarily well researched book, “Louis Braille – A Touch of Genius”, by C. Michael Mellor. Almost scrapbook in style and continually captivating:
- photographs, vintage illustrations, postage stamps, transcribed letters, sidebars of historical significance, examples of reading systems for the visually impaired
- Louis Braille’s family and the tragic mishap that left him blind at age 3
- comprehensive information about the Institute for the Blind in Paris, France – the only school for the blind in all of Europe at the time – where Louis was enrolled at age 10
- innovations/controversies of each headmaster
- school curriculum – education, job training, and music. We learned that in addition to being an outstanding student, Louis was a prize winning cello player and also earned a side income by playing the organ
- Louis Braille’s contributions:
- the raised 6-dot cell code (at age 15)(!!!) that is now, worldwide, called “braille”
- a device that allowed for written communication between the visually impaired and the sighted (the first dot-matrix printer)
- a raised dot system for reading music
Louis Braille passed away at age 43 of tuberculosis. We finished the book heartened and heartbroken.
More talk about Louis Braille – When I texted superb educator, Jill R.A., that my son and I were in the midst of a study unit on Louis Braille, she texted back:
“Oh! I love that! Louis Braille is a hero of mine so I tell everybody about him! My title is Teacher of the Visually Impaired (TVI). I am an itinerant (good vocab word) teacher which means I travel to wherever blind and visually impaired students are, which may be at home, day care, or schools. Some TVI’s teach in a classroom at a blind school, but I see students that attend public schools and are attending general ed classes. I also work with students from birth up to age 21. I generally consult with teachers and help them understand how to best teach the student who is visually Impaired. However, I have braille students who I meet with at least 3 times a week for braille lessons. I even have a few babies who will be braille readers and I meet with them and their parents for pre-braille activities to get their little fingers ready and sensitive to feel the dots. We will play in rice and beans and pick out different things. We also start “looking” at books really early so that they know to feel for the dots. It’s a fantastic job!”
Look at the variety of braille learning tools that Jill R.A. sent to augment our unit (I told you she was superb):
Poe Poems – my son and I explored two lengthy poems by 1809 birthday boy, Edgar Allan Poe: his happiness-to-misery blueprint in “The Bells” (1849) and the tortured loneliness pervasive in “The Raven” (1845). So gorgeously composed, each word so fastidiously selected, but YIKES.
Poetry Night at Le Fictitious Local Diner – The diner recently hosted a 1950’s “Beatnik” style poetry reading night. Patrons were encouraged to dress beatnik style (cool, man, cool) and arrive ready to recite a poem. There were prizes for the best and worst outfits, best and worst poems, and best and worst poem delivery. Well! The diner was overwhelmed by the turn out! 150 people showed up and 80% were in costume, and 20% were brave enough to recite a poem.
1- How many patrons arrived in costume?
a). 16 b). 80 c). 100 d). 120
2- How many patrons recited a poem?
a). 20 b). 30 c). 50 d). 75
3- What percentage of the entire attending crowd received a prize?
a). 4% b). 6% c). 20% d). 50%
4- Should poetry night be an annual event at the diner?
Mendelssohn Music – we celebrated another 1809 birthday boy (this one with a brighter point of view than Poe) by listening to three of our favorite pieces by Felix Mendelssohn –
- Overture to Midsummer Night’s Dream, composed 1826. So very clever. An excellent performance by the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra (where Mendelssohn served as a very beloved Music Director from 1835 – 1847):
- Symphony No. 4 (“The Italian”), movement 1, composed in 1833. Happy, breezy. A glossy smooth performance under the baton of Metropolitan Orchestra (Sydney, Australia) conductor, Sarah-Grace Williams:
- Violin Concerto in E minor, finale, composed 1844. This is the movement that my son and I call “the cat and mouse movement”….lots of brisk “advance/retreat”. This is an old recording, but we are mesmerized by the precision that Itzhak Perlman brings to this performance:
Welcome to the best part of my day!
– Jane BH
(story problem answers: 1) d. 120, 2) b. 30, 3) a. 4%, 4) Yes, of course!)