We know what a zucchetto is! My son is loving our Vatican unit! So much to learn and so much of it very cool:
- the Vatican’s mosaic school has the largest supply of mosaic stones in the world. Vatican Vocab: mosaic
- we can now recognize a cardinal by his vestments (something will be scarlet). Vatican Vocab: vestments
- enforcing a dress code for Vatican visitors is a chronic problem (People! People! People! Dress modestly and stop giving the Vatican a hard time!).
- the Vatican library is THE authority on old book and manuscript restoration. Vatican Vocab: manuscript, restoration
- and finally: zucchetto (a skull cap, as in the headwear of the pope). I hope you can infer by the photos we’ve selected (showing Pope Francis and his zucchetto) that we are enchanted by this personable pope.
Great unit! We are taking a look at the art of the Vatican next.
Handwriting update – In mid June (in post “That’s Gotta Hurt”), my son was introduced to the “Pencil Grip Writing Claw”. He is so comfortable with it now! When it is handwriting time, I place the pencil between his thumb and index finger and HE fits his fingers into the rubberized claw. THIS IS PROGRESS!
Herbs and Spices – My son had no clue, so last night we learned a bit about herbs (leaves) and spices (stems, bark, seeds, buds). We learned that pepper is a spice, but salt is a mineral (not an herb and not a spice). I had my son sniff tarragon, basil, cinnamon, and cloves (Heh! The clove aroma took him by surprise). This was not his favorite activity, but he sure got the idea.
Farmer Brown story problem – During autumn months, Farmer Brown makes apple cider mulling spices. He mixes cinnamon sticks, cloves, with dried orange peel and packages the mixture in cellophane tied with twine. A single package sells for $5.00, and Farmer Brown sells a box of a dozen packages for $50. He has sold 20 boxes to various local shops, and so far he has sold 85 single packages at his roadside apple cider stand. If it costs Farmer Brown $2 for each package’s spice mixture and $1 for each package’s cellophane, twine tie, and label, what is Farmer Brown’s profit so far?
“Background Music for the Vatican”! We pretended that the Vatican phoned us to ask for music recommendations that would enhance the architecture and the magnificent art. We considered only music composed by Catholics. All three suggestions are short and beautifully filmed.
- “Gregorian Chants” – unaccompanied sacred songs, slow and reflective, developed by monks during the 9th century. The collections of chants are named to honor the memory of Pope Gregory. This should calm the Vatican crowds down:
- “Gloria in Excelsis Deo” – composed by Antonio Vivaldi around 1715. Vivaldi, noted for being one of the greatest of Baroque composers, was a Catholic priest. This “Gloria” is a breath of fresh air – energetic, precise, and uplifting:
- “Locus Iste” – meaning “This Place”; really meaning “This place was made by God”, is often used for church dedications. This particular sacred motet (a multi-part choral work), was composed by Anton Bruckner (sort of an over-the-top devout Catholic) in 1869. As typical of Bruckner’s work, “Locus Iste” is a religious experience, top-heavy with soaring, lush harmonies:
Welcome to the best part of my day!
– Jane BH